Some states like Florida have enacted statutes that limit non-economic damages that are available to a medical malpractice victim. Those damages aren't so easy for a jury to put a price tag on because they're not quantifiable. They might consist of pain and suffering, loss of a normal life, permanent disability or disfigurement or loss of consortium.
The proposed cap on non-economic damages
Most states don't have non-economic damages award caps in medical negligence cases. For example, Florida has a limit on these damages, and that limit is set at $500,000. Should injuries involve severe non-economic harm caused by catastrophic injuries, total non-economic damages recoverable from all practitioners is limited to $1 million. If proposed federal legislation in the Protecting Access to Care Act is passed, Florida's $500,000 limit would be cut in half, and all states would be limited to a maximum of $250,000 for non-economic damages. That would be a radical change in medical malpractice law that doesn't operate in the best interests of anybody except for the insurance companies. People falling under the purview of the proposed legislation include:

Medicare and Medicaid recipients
Those receiving benefits under military or veterans health care plans
Those who are covered under the Affordable Care Act

Drastic changes in medical malpractice law could be coming
By the time the bill winds itself through the legislative process, other individuals could be affected. It's tort reform again under a different name, but with strong Republican representation in all three branches of government now, the bill might be enacted in one form or another regardless of the rights of the states and the individuals affected by it. On top of the non-economic damages limit, the bill would provide immunity to drug manufacturers and health care providers if patients are harmed by prescription medications that are approved by the Food and Drug Administration. That immunity would apply even if the medication was wrongly prescribed or administered. Other drastic changes in American medical malpractice laws that are contained in the bill include:

A federal statute of limitations for those who fall under the purview of the proposed act
Repeal of collateral source rules that reduce an insurer's financial exposure
Repeal of joint and several liability should a person or entity found liable not be able to pay
A prohibition against a severely injured victim receiving a jury award in a lump sum in excess of $50,000
Restrictions on attorney fees
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